A country ruled by a single ruler. A self-governing colony of the British Empire.
English historians of the 19th and early 20th century, who believed that England's history was a steady, inevitable and destined march from monarchy to democracy, and that this is what had made Britain ‘Great’.
conferred upon a state by the
League of Nations to govern
and protect a region.
League of Nations
An organisation, similar to the
present-day United Nations,
established in 1919 to help
preserve world peace.
A successful foreign secretary
in the Second World War and
under Churchill from 1951 to
1955, Eden became
Conservative prime minister
in 1955. He was forced to
resign in 1957 after the failure
of British intervention in Egypt
Opponents of British imperialism.
The right to administer and manage.
Nondemocratic rule which is often conducted by one person.
To make people ‘better’- more polite, peaceful and less savage.
An agent provocateur is an individual hired to incite or provoke illegal actions among revolutionary or political groups, usually with the aim of identifying and arresting individual suspects.
Agrarian refers to agricultural production, crops, methods of farming or workers employed on the land.
Anarchism is a left-wing political ideology that supports the removal or reduction of government. During the Russian Civil War, most anarchist groups came to oppose the Bolshevik regime.
A batrak is a landless peasant or a peasant labourer who works for a wage. They were the lowest class of peasant in tsarist Russia.
The framework and procedure for decision-making within the Bolshevik Party. Its central tenet was that major decisions would be made democratically by party leaders – but once made they were to be followed rigidly by all in the party.
An ideological position concerned with minimising or eliminating class differences and achieving economic equality, such as socialism, communism or Marxism.
A peasant who is wealthier than other peasants. A kulak is usually distinguished by his ownership of large tracts of land; his ability to produce and sell surplus produce for profit; or his employment of other peasants as labourers.
An area of administration in imperial Russia, the equivalent of a province or county.
A term used to describe all working classes, particularly those in capitalist systems. In Marxist contexts, the proletariat usually refers to industrial or factory workers.
In Marxism, the political and economic system installed after the overthrow of capitalism. Socialism is a transitional phase between capitalism and communism.