Turing House
Key Words and Meanings - Year 13 History
  • Completion of a coursework enquiry, and how did the nature and extent of trade and the Royal Navy transform 1763-1914?
    AngevinA person from the region of Anjou in France. 
    DominionA country ruled by a single ruler. A self-governing colony of the British Empire. 
    Whig HistorianEnglish historians of the 19th and early 20th century, who believed that England's history was a steady, inevitable and destined march from monarchy to democracy, and that this is what had made Britain ‘Great’. 
    MandateThe power conferred upon a state by the League of Nations to govern and protect a region. 
    League of Nations An organisation, similar to the present-day United Nations, established in 1919 to help preserve world peace. 
    Anthony Eden A successful foreign secretary in the Second World War and under Churchill from 1951 to 1955, Eden became Conservative prime minister in 1955. He was forced to resign in 1957 after the failure of British intervention in Egypt in 1956. 
    Little Englanders Opponents of British imperialism. 
    Executive Power The right to administer and manage. 
    AutocraticallyNondemocratic rule which is often conducted by one person. 
    CiviliseTo make people ‘better’- more polite, peaceful and less savage. 
  • Completion of a coursework enquiry, and how did Britain lose the American colonies, and the birth of British Australia take place?
    ColonistsA group of people that move or settle in a new land. 
    IndigenousThe first or original people to live in a place; also called the natives. 
    EmpireCountries, land or colonies under the control of another. 
    AssetProperty or possessions owned. 
    Penal ColonyAn area of land or country used to house prisoners. 
    AboriginesA person that has been in a country or region from earliest times 
    Commonwealth A group of nations with a shared loyalty or government. 
    DemocracyA form of government where the people of the country elect the leaders. 
    DominionsAnother word for colonies. 
    British CommonwealthAn organisation of nations consisting of Britain and some of its former colonies; now independent, free countries, but retaining close cultural, trade and sporting links to Britain. 
  • How did the Canada and Durham Reports change the British Empire, and how did the British retain control in India?
    MissionariesReligious people sent to convert natives of another country to a religion (usually Christianity). 
    PartitionDividing something into parts. 
    Self GovernmentGovernment of a country or area by its own people. 
    Slave TradeThe trading of slaves between Africa, the Americas and Europe. 
    LegacyWhat someone or something is remembered for or what they leave behind that is remembered.  
    AllianceA close connection made between two or more countries or rulers. 
    BantuA group of African peoples who live in most of central and southern Africa. 
    BengalA large province of India. 
    BigotA person who will not change an unreasonable opinion, e.g. person who is prejudiced against another group of people for no good reason. 
    Britannia A name and symbol used to represent Britain. 
  • How did the British intervene in the Nile valley, and what was the problem of the Sudan?
    British ColumbiaTerritory of Canada. 
    Cash CropA crop grown to be sold rather than being grown for food. 
    ConfederationA country made up of the union of smaller states (e.g. Australia). 
    GhandiAn Indian nationalist leader. 
    IndentureA type of contract, which usually involved a worker working for a number of years to pay off a loan or debt. 
    IrrigationA system for bringing water to crops to stop them drying out. 
    KhediveThe ruler of Egypt. 
    RajThe name given to British rule of India in the late 1800s and early 1900s. 
    SultanThe ruler of the East African port of Zanzibar (the title was used by many rulers in East Africa and Arabia). 
    TariffA tax placed on trade. 
  • How can I effectively prepare for my A-Level examinations?
    Ticket of leaveA ticket given to convicts in Australia which they could use to get home after serving their sentence or exchange for some land and settle in Australia. 
    Trade routeThe way from one place to another by land or sea, by which trade goods were transported. 
    VirginiaAn area of British North America which became part of the USA after 1783. 
    VolksraadThe South African Parliament. 
    WampumA type of belt used by Native Americans to show an agreement or treaty had been agreed. 
    ViceroyBritish official who ruled India in the place of the British monarch. 
    ExplorerSomeone who goes to unknown places for reasons such as to map the land, to spread religion, to look for wealth etc. 
    Indenture A type of contract, which usually involved a worker working for a number of years to pay off a loan or debt. 
    Irish Free StateDominion created in 1922 which was made of up 22 counties of Ireland (the remaining 6 counties became Northern Ireland). 
  • How can I effectively prepare for my A-Level examinations?
    Agent provocateurAn agent provocateur is an individual hired to incite or provoke illegal actions among revolutionary or political groups, usually with the aim of identifying and arresting individual suspects. 
    AgrarianAgrarian refers to agricultural production, crops, methods of farming or workers employed on the land. 
    AnarchismAnarchism is a left-wing political ideology that supports the removal or reduction of government. During the Russian Civil War, most anarchist groups came to oppose the Bolshevik regime.  
    BatrakA batrak is a landless peasant or a peasant labourer who works for a wage. They were the lowest class of peasant in tsarist Russia. 
    Democratic centralismThe framework and procedure for decision-making within the Bolshevik Party. Its central tenet was that major decisions would be made democratically by party leaders – but once made they were to be followed rigidly by all in the party. 
    Left-WingAn ideological position concerned with minimising or eliminating class differences and achieving economic equality, such as socialism, communism or Marxism. 
    KulakA peasant who is wealthier than other peasants. A kulak is usually distinguished by his ownership of large tracts of land; his ability to produce and sell surplus produce for profit; or his employment of other peasants as labourers. 
    OblastAn area of administration in imperial Russia, the equivalent of a province or county. 
    ProletariatA term used to describe all working classes, particularly those in capitalist systems. In Marxist contexts, the proletariat usually refers to industrial or factory workers. 
    SocialismIn Marxism, the political and economic system installed after the overthrow of capitalism. Socialism is a transitional phase between capitalism and communism.