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Key Words and Meanings - Year 10 Religion & Philosophy
  • Islam Beliefs Part 1
    MuslimOne who has submitted to the will of God and has accepted Islam 
    IslamThe name of the religion followed by Muslims 
    AllahThe Arabic name for God 
    TawidThe oneness and unity of God 
    MonotheisticBelief in one God 
    SupremacySupreme power or authority; a quality of God 
    QuranThe Islamic Holy book revealed to Muhammad by the Angel Jibril 
    SunnahThe teachings and deeds of Muhammad 
    SunniMuslims who believe in the successorship to Muhammad of Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman and Ali 
    Shi'aMuslims who believe in the imamate, the successorship of Ali 
  • Islam Beliefs Part 3
    AkhirahEverlasting life after death 
    Prophet/ProphethoodA person who proclaims the messages of God, someone who has been made a prophet 
    RisalahThe belief that the prophets are and important channel of communication between God and humans. 
    IblisSatan, a spiritual being created from fire who was thrown from paradise for refusing to bow to Adam 
    Ka'bahThen holiest place in Islam, the black cube shaped building in the grand mosque 
    Id-ul-AdhuA Muslim festival that celebrates the prophet Ibrahim's willingness to sacrifice his own son for God 
    CaliphA person considered to be a political and religious successor to the prophet Muhammad and the leader of the Sunni Muslim community 
    ImamA person who leads the communal prayer and the title given to Ali and his successors in Shi'a Islam 
    ImamateThe divine appointment of the Imams 
    TorahThe five books revealed by God to Moses 
  • Islam Beliefs Part 2
    ImmanentThe idea that God is present in everything on earth 
    TranscendentThe idea that God is beyond and outside life on earth 
    BeneficientBenevolent, all loving, good 
    MercifulThe quality of God that shows compassion 
    JusticeThe idea that God is just and fair (Adalat in Shi'a Islam) 
    Day of JudgementA time when the world will end and every soul will be judged by God 
    AngelsSpiritual beings who act as messengers for God 
    JibrilThe Arabic name for the angel Gabriel 
    Mika'ilThe Arabic name for the Angel Michael who rewards good deeds 
    PredestinationThe idea that God knows or determines everything that will happen in the universe 
  • Theme D: Peace and Conflict Part 1
    WarFighting between nations 
    PeaceAn absence of peace which leads to happiness and harmony 
    JusticeRight and fair, making up for a wrong that has been commmited 
    ForgivenessShowing grace and mercy for wrong doing 
    ProtestAn expression of disapproval 
    ViolenceUsing actions that threaten or harm others 
    TerrorismThe unlawful use if violence, usually against innocent civilians for a political goal 
    GreedSelfish desire for something 
    RetaliationDeliberately harming someone as a response to them harming you 
  • Theme D: Peace and Conflict Part 2
    Just warA war which meets internationally accepted criteria for fairness. Following the Christian rules for a just war 
    PacifismThe belief of people who refuse to take part in any form of violence or war 
    PeacemakerA person who works to establish peace in the world or in a certain part of it. 
    PeacemakingThe action of trying to establish peace 
    RetaliationDeliberately harming someone as a response to them harming you 
    Self-defenceActing to prevent harm to yourself or others 
    GreedSelfish desire for something 
    Holy WarA war fought due to difference in religion 
    Lesser JihadThe outward struggle to defend ones's own faith ,family and country from threat 
  • Theme D: Peace and Conflict Part 3
    Nuclear WeaponsWeapons that work by a nuclear reaction; they devastate huge area and kill large numbers of people 
    Weapons of mass destructionWeapons that can kill large numbers of people 
    Biological weaponsWeapons that have a living organism or infective material in them that will lead to death or disease 
    Modern WarfareModern warfare is warfare using the concepts, methods, and military technology that have come into use during and after World War II. 
    ContemporaryModern 
    Victims of warSomeone or something killed, destroyed, injured, oppressed, or otherwise harmed by, or suffering from, some act, condition, or circumstance during war 
    War ChildA small charity that protects children living in the world's most dangerous war zones 
    Emergency UKA Charity that provides free, high quality healthcare for victims of war and poverty, whilst promoting a culture of peace and respect for human rights. 
    NGOA non-profit organization that operates independently of any government, typically one whose purpose is to address a social or political issue. 
    Islamic ReliefA charity set up by muslims in the uk to support victims of war 

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