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Turing House
6th Form Curriculum Guide - Year 12 Chemistry
Term 1Module 2 - Atoms and reactions
This section builds directly from GCSE Science, starting with basic atomic structure and isotopes. Important basic chemical skills are developed: writing chemical formulae, constructing equations and calculating chemical quantities using the concept of amount of substance. The role of acids, bases and salts in chemistry is developed in the context of neutralisation reactions. Finally, redox reactions are studied within the context of oxidation number and electron transfer.
Assessment: Practical activities are embedded within the learning outcomes of the course to encourage practical activities in the classroom which contribute to the achievement of the Practical Endorsement. The PAG assessed in this unit is PAG1 Moles determination. After completing this unit, students will sit a 20 minute test covering 2.1.1 Atomic structure and isotopes, 2.1.2 Compounds, formulae and equations, 2.1.3 Amount of substance and 2.1.4 Acids, and 2.1.5 Redox (AO1, AO2, AO3).Key Words and Terms
 
Term 2Module 2 - Electrons, bonding and structure
This section introduces the concept of atomic orbitals and develops a deeper understanding of electron configurations linked to the periodic table. The central role of electrons in ionic and covalent bonding is then studied. The important role of molecules is studied, including an explanation of polarity and intermolecular forces. Finally, this section looks at how bonding and structure contribute to properties of substances.
Assessment: Practical activities are embedded within the learning outcomes of the course to encourage practical activities in the classroom which contribute to the achievement of the Practical Endorsement. There are no associated PAGs assessed in this unit. After completing this unit, students will sit a 20 minute test covering 2.2.1 Electron structure and 2.2.2 Bonding and strucure (AO1, AO2, AO3).Key Words and Terms
 
Term 3Module 3 - The periodic table
Periodic trends are first studied to extend the understanding of structure and bonding. Group properties are then studied using Group 2 and the halogens as typical metal and non-metal groups respectively, allowing an understanding of redox reactions to be developed further. Finally, this section looks at how unknown ionic compounds can be analysed and identified using simple test-tube tests.
Assessment: Practical activities are embedded within the learning outcomes of the course to encourage practical activities in the classroom which contribute to the achievement of the Practical Endorsement. The PAGs assessed in this unit are PAG4 Qualitative analysis of ions. After completing this unit, students will sit a 20 minute test covering 3.1.1 Periodicity, 3.1.2 Group 2, 3.1.3 The Halogens and 3.1.4 Qualitative analysis (AO1, AO2, AO3).Key Words and Terms
 
Term 3 Term 4Module 4 - Basic concepts and hydrocarbons
This section is fundamental to the study of organic chemistry. This section introduces the various types of structures used routinely in organic chemistry, nomenclature, and the important concepts of homologous series, functional groups, isomerism and reaction mechanisms using curly arrows. The initial ideas are then developed within the context of the hydrocarbons: alkanes and alkenes.
Assessment: Practical activities are embedded within the learning outcomes of the course to encourage practical activities in the classroom which contribute to the achievement of the Practical Endorsement. The PAG assessed in this unit is AG7 Qualitative analysis of organic functional groups. After completing this unit, students will sit a 20 minute test covering 4.1.1 Basic concepts of organic chemistry, 4.1.2 Alkanes and 4.1.3 Alkenes (AO1, AO2, AO3).Key Words and Terms
 
Term 4 Term 5Module 3 - Physical Chemistry
This section introduces physical chemistry within the general theme of energy. Learners first learn about the importance of enthalpy changes, their uses and determination from experimental results including enthalpy cycles. This section then investigates the ways in which a change in conditions can affect the rate of a chemical reaction, in terms of activation energy, the Boltzmann distribution and catalysis. Reversible reactions are then studied, including the dynamic nature of chemical equilibrium and the influence of conditions upon the position of equilibrium. Finally, the integrated roles of enthalpy changes, rates, catalysts and equilibria are considered as a way of increasing yield and reducing energy demand, improving the sustainability of industrial processes.
Assessment: Practical activities are embedded within the learning outcomes of the course to encourage practical activities in the classroom which contribute to the achievement of the Practical Endorsement. The PAGs assessed in this unit are PAG3 Enthalpy determination and PAG9 Rates of reaction – continuous monitoring method. After completing this unit, students will sit a 20 minute test covering 3.2.1 Enthalpy changes, 3.2.2 Reaction rates and 3.2.3 Chemical equilibrium (AO1, AO2, AO3).Key Words and Terms
 
Term 5 Term 6Module 4 - Alcohols, haloalkanes and analysis
This section introduces two further functional groups: alcohols and haloalkanes, and considers the importance of polarity and bond enthalpy to organic reactions. Throughout this section, there are many opportunities for developing organic practical skills, including preparation and purification of organic liquids. Finally, the important techniques of infrared spectroscopy and mass spectrometry are used to illustrate instrumental analysis as a valuable tool for identifying organic compounds.
Assessment: Practical activities are embedded within the learning outcomes of the course to encourage practical activities in the classroom which contribute to the achievement of the Practical Endorsement. The PAGs assessed in this unit are PAG5 Synthesis of an organic liquid and PAG7 Qualitative analysis of organic functional groups. After completing this unit, students will sit a 20 minute test covering 4.2.1 Alcohols, 4.2.2 Haloalkenes, 4.2.3 Organic synthesis and 4.2.4 Analytical techniques (AO1, AO2, AO3).Key Words and Terms
 

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