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Turing House
6th Form Curriculum Guide - Year 12 Biology
Term 1Module 2 - Cell structure   
Biology is the study of living organisms. Every living organism is made up of one or more cells, therefore understanding the structure and function of the cell is a fundamental concept in the study of biology. Since Robert Hooke coined the phrase ‘cells’ in 1665, careful observation using microscopes has revealed details of cell structure and ultrastructure and provided evidence to support hypotheses regarding the roles of cells and their organelles.
Assessment: Practical activities are embedded within the learning outcomes of the course to encourage practical activities in the classroom which contribute to the achievement of the Practical Endorsement. The PAGs assessed in this unit are PAG1 Microscopy After completing this unit, students will sit a 20 minute test covering 2.1.1 Cell structure (AO1, AO2, AO3).Key Words and Terms
 
Term 1Module 2 - Nucleotides and Nucleic acids   
Nucleic acids are essential to heredity in living organisms. Understanding the structure of nucleotides and nucleic acids allows an understanding of their roles in the storage and use of genetic information and cell metabolism.
Assessment: Practical activities are embedded within the learning outcomes of the course to encourage practical activities in the classroom which contribute to the achievement of the Practical Endorsement. The PAGs assessed in this unit are PAG9 Qualitative testing and PAG10 Investigation using data logger or computer modelling. After completing this unit, students will sit a 20 minute test covering 2.1.3 Nucleic acids (AO1, AO2, AO3).Key Words and Terms
 
Term 1Module 2 - Biological molecules  
The cells of all living organisms are composed of biological molecules. Proteins, carbohydrates and lipids are three of the key groups of biological macromolecules that are essential for life. A study of the structure of these macromolecules allows a better understanding of their functions in living organisms.
Assessment: Practical activities are embedded within the learning outcomes of the course to encourage practical activities in the classroom which contribute to the achievement of the Practical Endorsement. The PAGs assessed in this unit are; PAG5 Colorimeter, PAG6 Chromatography or electrophoresis, PAG9 Qualitative Testing and PAG10 Investigation using a data logger or computer modelling. After completing this unit, students will sit a 20 minute test covering 2.1.2 Biological Molecules (AO1, AO2, AO3).Key Words and Terms
 
Term 3Module 3 - Transport in animals   
As animals become larger and more active, transport systems become essential to supply nutrients to, and remove waste from, individual cells. Controlling the supply of nutrients and removal of waste requires the coordinated activity of the heart and circulatory system.
Assessment: Practical activities are embedded within the learning outcomes of the course to encourage practical activities in the classroom which contribute to the achievement of the Practical Endorsement. The PAG assessed in this unit is PAG2 Dissection. After completing this unit, students will sit a 20 minute test covering 3.1.2 Transport in animlas (AO1, AO2, AO3).Key Words and Terms
 
Term 2Module 2 - Cell division   
During the cell cycle, genetic information is copied and passed to daughter cells. Microscopes can be used to view the different stages of the cycle. In multicellular organisms, stem cells are modified to produce many different types of specialised cell. Understanding how stem cells can be modified has huge potential in medicine. To understand how a whole organism functions, it is essential to appreciate the importance of cooperation between cells, tissues, organs and organ systems.
Assessment: Practical activities are embedded within the learning outcomes of the course to encourage practical activities in the classroom which contribute to the achievement of the Practical Endorsement. The PAG assessed in this unit is PAG1 Microscopy After completing this unit, students will sit a 20 minute test covering 2.1.6 Cell division (AO1, AO2, AO3).Key Words and Terms
 
Term 2Module 2 - Biological membranes   
Membranes are fundamental to the cell theory. The structure of the plasma membrane allows cells to communicate with each other. Understanding this ability to communicate is important as scientists increasingly make use of membrane-bound receptors as sites for the action of medicinal drugs. Understanding how different substances enter cells is also crucial to the development of mechanisms for the administration of drugs.
Assessment: Practical activities are embedded within the learning outcomes of the course to encourage practical activities in the classroom which contribute to the achievement of the Practical Endorsement. The PAGs assessed in this unit are PAG5 Colorimeter and PAG8 Transport in and out of cells. After completing this unit, students will sit a 20 minute test covering 2.1.5 Biological membranes (AO1, AO2, AO3).Key Words and Terms
 
Term 2Module 2 - Enzymes  
Metabolism in living organisms relies upon enzyme controlled reactions. Knowledge of how enzymes function and the factors that affect enzyme action has improved our understanding of biological processes and increased our use of enzymes in industry.
Assessment: Practical activities are embedded within the learning outcomes of the course to encourage practical activities in the classroom which contribute to the achievement of the Practical Endorsement. The PAG assessed in this unit is PAG4 Rates of enzyme controlled reactions. After completing this unit, students will sit a 20 minute test covering 2.1.4 Enzymes (AO1, AO2, AO3).Key Words and Terms
 
Term 3Module 3 - Transport in plants   
As plants become larger and more complex, transport systems become essential to supply nutrients to, and remove waste from, individual cells. The supply of nutrients from the soil relies upon the flow of water through a vascular system, as does the movement of the products of photosynthesis
Assessment: Practical activities are embedded within the learning outcomes of the course to encourage practical activities in the classroom which contribute to the achievement of the Practical Endorsement. The PAGs assessed in this unit are; PAG1 Microscopy, PAG2 Dissection, PAG5 Potometer and PAG11 Investigation into the measurement of plant or animal responses. After completing this unit, students will sit a 20 minute test covering 3.1.3 Transport in plants (AO1, AO2, AO3).Key Words and Terms
 
Term 3Module 3 - Exchange surfaces   
As animals become larger and more active, ventilation and gas exchange systems become essential to supply oxygen to, and remove carbon dioxide from, their bodies. Ventilation and gas exchange systems in mammals, bony fish and insects are used as examples of the properties and functions of exchange surfaces in animals.
Assessment: Practical activities are embedded within the learning outcomes of the course to encourage practical activities in the classroom which contribute to the achievement of the Practical Endorsement. The PAGs assessed in this unit are PAG1 Microscopy, PAG2 Dissection and PAG10 Investigation using a data logger or computer modelling. After completing this unit, students will sit a 20 minute test covering 3.1.1 Exchange surfaces (AO1, AO2, AO3).Key Words and Terms
 
Term 4Module 4 - Biodiversity   
Biodiversity refers to the variety and complexity of life. It is an important indicator in the study of habitats. Maintaining biodiversity is important for many reasons. Actions to maintain biodiversity must be taken at local, national and global levels.
Assessment: Practical activities are embedded within the learning outcomes of the course to encourage practical activities in the classroom which contribute to the achievement of the Practical Endorsement. The PAG assessed in this unit is PAG3 Sampling techniques. After completing this unit, students will sit a 20 minute test covering 4.1.2 Biodiversity (AO1, AO2, AO3).Key Words and Terms
 
Term 4Module 4 - Communicable diseases   
Organisms are surrounded by pathogens and have evolved defences against them. Medical intervention can be used to support these natural defences. The mammalian immune system is introduced.
Assessment: Practical activities are embedded within the learning outcomes of the course to encourage practical activities in the classroom which contribute to the achievement of the Practical Endorsement. The PAG assessed in this unit is PAG1 Microscopy After completing this unit, students will sit a 20 minute test covering 4.1.1 Communicable diseases (AO1, AO2, AO3).Key Words and Terms
 
Term 5Module 4 - Classification and evolution   
Evolution has generated a very wide variety of organisms. The fact that all organisms share a common ancestry allows them to be classified. Classification is an attempt to impose a hierarchy on the complex and dynamic variety of life on Earth. Classification systems have changed and will continue to change as our knowledge of the biology of organisms develops.
Assessment: Practical activities are embedded within the learning outcomes of the course to encourage practical activities in the classroom which contribute to the achievement of the Practical Endorsement. There are no formal PAG activities associated with this unit. After completing this unit, students will sit a 20 minute test covering 4.2.2 Classification and evolution. (AO1, AO2, AO3)Key Words and Terms
 
Terms 1-6Module 1 - Development of skills in practical Biology   
The development of practical skills is a fundamental and integral aspect of the study of any scientific subject. These skills not only enhance learners’ understanding of the subject but also serve as a suitable preparation for the demands of studying biology at a higher level.
Assessment: Practical activities are embedded within the learning outcomes of the course to encourage practical activities in the classroom which contribute to the achievement of the Practical Endorsement. Students will sit a 40 minute test during directed learning sessions.Key Words and Terms
 

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