Turing House
6th Form Curriculum Guide - Year 12 Politics
Term 1Democracy and Participation, Political Parties    
The features of direct democracy and representative democracy. The similarities and differences between direct democracy and representative democracy. Advantages and disadvantages of direct democracy and representative democracy and consideration of the case for reform. Key milestones in the widening of the franchise in relation to class, gender, ethnicity and age. The work of the suffragists/suffragettes to extend the franchise. The work of a current movement to extend the franchise. How different pressure group exert influence and how their methods and influence vary in contemporary politics. Other collective organisations and groups Debates on the extent, limits and tensions within the UK’s rights-based culture, including consideration of how individual and collective right may conflict, the contributions from civil liberty pressure groups.
Assessment: Component 1 Paper: Questions 1 and 2Key Words and Terms
Term 2Electoral Systems, Voter Behaviour and the Media   
Different electoral systems. First-past-the-post (FPTP), Additional Member System (AMS), Single Transferable Vote (STV) Supplementary Vote (SV). Comparison of first-past-the-post (FPTP) to a different electoral system in a devolved parliament/assembly. Referendums and how they are used. How referendums have been used in the UK and their impact on UK political life since 1997. Electoral system analysis. Case studies of three elections (one from the period 1945–92, the 1997 election, and one since 1997), the results and their impact on parties and government. The factors that explain the outcomes of these elections, including: the reasons for and impact of party policies and manifestos, techniques used in their election campaigns, and the wider political context of the elections, class-based voting and other factors influencing voting patterns, such as partisanship and voting attachment, gender, age, ethnicity and region as factors in influencing voting behaviour, turnout and trends.
Assessment: Component 1 Paper: Questions 1 and 2Key Words and Terms
Term 3The Constitution and Parliament   
The nature and sources of the UK constitution, including: An overview of the development of the constitution through key historical documents. The nature of the UK constitution: unentrenched, uncodified and unitary, and the ‘twin pillars’ of parliamentary sovereignty and the rule of law. The structure and role of the House of Commons and House of Lords. The legislative process. The different stages a bill must go through to become law. The interaction between the Commons and the Lords during the legislative process, including the Salisbury Convention. The ways in which Parliament interacts with the Executive. The role and significance of the opposition. The purpose and nature of ministerial question time.
Assessment: Component 2 Paper: Questions 1 and 2Key Words and Terms
Term 4 The Executive and Relations between Institutions   
The structure, role, and powers of the Executive. Its structure, including Prime Minister, the Cabinet, junior ministers and government departments. The main powers of the Executive, including Royal Prerogative powers, initiation of legislation and secondary legislative power. The concept of ministerial responsibility. The factors governing the Prime Minister’s selection of ministers. The powers of the Prime Minster and the Cabinet to dictate events and determine policy.
Assessment: Component 1 Paper: Questions 1 and 2 Component 2 Paper: Questions 1 and 2Key Words and Terms
Term 5Liberalism, Conservatism and Socialism   
Liberalism is seen essentially as a product of The Enlightenment as it recognises that humans are rational creatures capable of understanding the world and making decisions for themselves. The defining feature of liberalism is its belief in individualism and freedom. Conservatism seeks to conserve society as it is and is suspicious of change. Conservatism values pragmatism over ideological thinking, seeking to adapt its values over time, according to changes in society. However, new right thinking within conservatism in the 1970s and 1980s challenged much of what conservatism had traditionally stood for. Socialism is defined by its opposition to capitalism. It aims to provide a clear alternative that is more humane and based on collectivism not individualism, co-operation not competition and social equality not inequality. There is a wide variety of traditions within socialism, with the goal of abolishing or minimising class division.
Assessment: Component 1 Paper: Question 3 Key Words and Terms
Term 6Feminism and Nationalism   
Feminism is an ideology based on the belief that society is characterised by unequal gender power and status. All forms of feminism are committed to advancing the social role of women, ensuring that the disadvantages they face can and should be overthrown. Nationalism is the belief that nations are a timeless phenomenon. It is based on the belief that people have been attached to the practices connected with their heritage and seeks to continue them freely.
Assessment: Component 1: Full Paper Component 2: Full Paper Key Words and Terms