Turing House
KS4 Curriculum Guide - Year 10 Politics
Term 1Democracy and Participation   
The features of direct democracy and representative democracy. The similarities and differences between direct democracy and representative democracy. Advantages and disadvantages of direct democracy and representative democracy and consideration of the case for reform. Key milestones in the widening of the franchise in relation to class, gender, ethnicity and age. The work of the suffragists/suffragettes to extend the franchise. The work of a current movement to extend the franchise. How different pressure group exert influence and how their methods and influence vary in contemporary politics. Other collective organisations and groups Debates on the extent, limits and tensions within the UK’s rights-based culture, including consideration of how individual and collective right may conflict, the contributions from civil liberty pressure groups.
Assessment: Full paper assessment with Q1, Q2 and Q3Key Words and Terms
Term 2Political Parties   
Political parties. The functions and features of political parties in the UK’s representative democracy. How parties are currently funded, debates on the consequences of the current funding system. Established political parties. The origins and historical development of the Conservative Party, the Labour Party and Liberal Democrat Party, and how this has shaped their ideas and current policies on the economy, law and order, welfare and foreign policy. Emerging and minor UK political parties. The importance of other parties in the UK. The ideas and policies of two other minor parties. UK political parties in context. The development of a multi-party system and its implications for government. Various factors that affect party success – explanations of why political parties have succeeded or failed, including debates on the influence of the media.
Assessment: Assessment of Q1 and Q3Key Words and Terms
Term 3Electoral System   
Different electoral systems. First-past-the-post (FPTP), Additional Member System (AMS), Single Transferable Vote (STV) Supplementary Vote (SV). The advantages and disadvantages of these different systems. Comparison of first-past-the-post (FPTP) to a different electoral system in a devolved parliament/assembly. Referendums and how they are used. How referendums have been used in the UK and their impact on UK political life since 1997. The case for and against referendums in a representative democracy. Electoral system analysis. Debates on why different electoral systems are used in the UK. The impact of the electoral system on the government or type of government appointed. The impact of different systems on party representation and of electoral systems on voter choice.
Assessment: Assessment of Q2 and Q3Key Words and Terms
Term 4Voting Behaviour and the Media   
Case studies of three elections (one from the period 1945–92, the 1997 election, and one since 1997), the results and their impact on parties and government. The factors that explain the outcomes of these elections, including: the reasons for and impact of party policies and manifestos, techniques used in their election campaigns, and the wider political context of the elections, class-based voting and other factors influencing voting patterns, such as partisanship and voting attachment, gender, age, ethnicity and region as factors in influencing voting behaviour, turnout and trends. Analysis of the national voting-behaviour patterns for these elections, revealed by national data sources and how and why they vary. The influence of the media.
Assessment: Assessment of full Paper 1 (Q1, Q2, Q3)Key Words and Terms
Term 5The Constitution    
The nature and sources of the UK constitution, including: An overview of the development of the constitution through key historical documents. The nature of the UK constitution: unentrenched, uncodified and unitary, and the ‘twin pillars’ of parliamentary sovereignty and the rule of law The five main sources of the UK constitution: statute law; common law; conventions; authoritative works and treaties (including European Union law). How the constitution has changed since 1997. The role and powers of devolved bodies in the UK, and the impact of this devolution on the UK. Debates on further reform. An overview of the extent to which the individual reforms since 1997 The extent to which devolution should be extended in England. Whether the UK constitution should be changed to be entrenched and codified, including a bill of rights.
Assessment: Assessment of 30 mark question (Q3)Key Words and Terms
Term 6UK Prime Minister and Cabinet    
The structure, role, and powers of the Executive. Its structure, including Prime Minister, the Cabinet, junior ministers and government departments. Its main roles, including proposing legislation, proposing a budget, and making policy decisions within laws and budget. The main powers of the Executive, including Royal Prerogative powers, initiation of legislation and secondary legislative power. The concept of ministerial responsibility. The concept of individual ministerial responsibility. The concept of collective ministerial responsibility. The Prime Minister and the Cabinet. The power of the Prime Minister and the Cabinet. The factors governing the Prime Minister’s selection of ministers. The powers of the Prime Minster and the Cabinet to dictate events and determine policy. Students must study the influence of one Prime Minister from 1945 to 1997 and one post-1997 Prime Minister. Students may choose any pre-1997 and any post-1997 Prime Minister.
Assessment: Assessment of Q1 and Q3Key Words and Terms